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RRR is committed to the publication (free of charge) of well-informed research into the long-nineteenth century.


We are particularly keen to support early career researchers and postgraduates.


RRR publishes annually.


Visit our Homepage for information about forthcoming editions, and use the menu above to view articles from previous issues.


RRR works with the Southampton Centre for Nineteenth Century Research. Click here for more information.

To sign up for updates about RRR, email the editors at RRR@soton.ac.uk


RRR is an online interdisciplinary research journal that works alongside the Southampton Centre for Nineteenth Century Research (SCNR) with the shared aim of facilitating  discussion about all aspects of the long nineteenth century.

We are proud to adopt a forward-thinking approach in all aspects of our work. We have an instantaneous, fully open access policy, which means that as soon as an issue of RRR is published, it will immediately be free for all to read.

Our commitment to assisting postgraduates and early career researchers makes us truly innovative, and we are committed to assisting and supporting our authors in reworking their articles. We offer detailed advice and an open and sympathetic atmosphere within which inexperienced scholars can develop their work, and ask even the most basic of questions in order to help them hone their research into a highly respectable article.

That aim of assisting PGRs in gaining the experience that they need is most obvious in our board structure, as the most senior positions on the editorial board can only be held by PGRs.

Yet a PGR leadership team in no way suggests that we adopt a laxer approach to academic integrity. All articles published in RRR are subjected to a rigorous double-blind review, and our editorial team consists of both PGRs and established academics from across the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, who work alongside us to ensure that every article published is of the highest standard. We also guarantee that our double-blind reviewers will only ever be established academics, with a strong reputation in the field of your research.

Equally, we are by no means a ‘PGR only’ journal, and have published research by both emerging and established scholars: from MA Students to Emeritus Professors. We exist to facilitate discussion across the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences about the long nineteenth century, and any articles which contribute to that vision are welcome. Nor do we solely publish articles. Each issue also includes reviews of books, museum exhibitions, productions, or reports on conference proceedings.

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Editor-in-Chief 2021-2022

PhD English Researcher, University of Southampton, University of Exeter

Emma Hills is an SWWDTP Funded PhD Researcher. Her thesis, 'Disraeli's Library: The Making of an Imperial Imagination 1820-1837' brings together her research interests in nineteenth-century book history, literature and culture, the British Imperial project, postcolonialism, and decolonisation. With a strong interest and experience in the heritage sector - developed through working with the National Trust's collections at Hughenden Manor - in the summer of 2021, Emma undertook a three-month placement with the Royal Cornwall Museum in Truro (https://www.sww-ahdtp.ac.uk/student-blogs/emma-hills-talks-about-her-placement-at-cornwall-museums-partnership/). Between January 2021 and January 2022, Emma was the Editor-in-Chief of Romance, Revolution and Reform, and produced Issue 4: 'Transnationalism in the Long-Nineteenth Century'.


David is Professor of Modern History at the University of Southampton.  He has published widely on C19 British history, including the books Palmerston and the Politics of Foreign Policy, 1846-55 (Manchester UP, 2002); Palmerston: A Biography (Yale UP, 2010).   His Leverhulme Major Research Fellowship (2019-22) has supported his work on a scholarly edition of The Diaries of the Seventh Earl of Shaftesbury to be published in 4 volumes in the British Academy Records of Social and Economic History series (published by Oxford University Press).  David has also been editor of the Southampton Records Series since 2013.


Teaching Fellow in Digital Media Practices, University of Southampton

Megen's research interests include neo-Victorianism, popular feminism, adaptation, and contemporary remix culture, and she has published widely in these areas. She is currently completing a monograph on historical monster mashup. Her forthcoming projects focus on women’s histories of remix and collage, and on erasure and identity politics in multimedia franchises.



Lecturer in French Studies, University of Southampton

Aude's current research interests include the relation between science and literature, and the representation of ‘the monstrous family' in Francophone literature. She is finishing a book based on her PhD, Fleurs monstrueuses: histoire d'une métamorphose, Littérature, femmes et botanique, describing the links between visual and textual representations of flowers, and the monstrous representation of women during the late nineteenth century. At the same time, she is working on the contemporary Lebanese-born Canadian playwright, painter and director Wajdi Mouawad and how he explores the family as a metaphor and origin of the Lebanese civil war.


Rosa is an AHRC Collaborative Doctoral Project PhD student at Birkbeck College, University of London. She works in collaboration with the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford, where her research focuses on the museum’s collection of featherwork collected from South American Indigenous communities between 1830 and 1940. She is interested in historical ethnobiological approaches to museum collections and environmental ethnohistories. Her research is practice-based and will work collaboratively with Indigenous communities  in Paraguay and Ecuador to develop curatorial interventions in the museum’s displays. 


Doctoral Graduate, Loughborough University.

Aaron Eames completed his PhD at Loughborough University in 2021. His thesis, supervised by Dr Nick Freeman and Dr Sarah Parker, investigates the development of ideas concerning Wilde’s sexual identity in biographical literature. He received a BA in Classical Civilisation and Philosophy from the University of Nottingham in 2013, an MSt in Creative Writing from the University of Cambridge in 2015, and an MA in Victorian Studies from the University of Leicester in 2018. Aaron is a committee member of the Oscar Wilde Society, UK, and the editor of the society’s regular e-newsletter Oscariana.



Senior Lecturer, Liverpool Hope University

The primary focus of Trish's research is on Victorian literature and culture. She has a monograph entitled Thomas Hardy's Legal Fictions (Edinburgh University Press, 2013) and an edited collection of essays entitled Victorian Time: Technologies, Standardizations, Catastrophes (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013) and is co-editor of a collection of essays on neglected Victorian writers, Victorian Fiction beyond the Canon (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016). She recently completed a monograph on Maud Gonne (forthcoming with UCD Press) and is currently editing a companion volume to Victorian Time, entitled Literature and Modern Time: Technological Modernity, Glimpses of Eternity, Experiments with Time (forthcoming with Palgrave Macmillan).


Doctoral Graduate, University of Southampton

Roger’s research interests revolve around nineteenth-century romanticism, particularly keyboard and vocal music in Victorian Britain and their literary contexts. At University of Southampton, Roger was a teaching assistant for the undergraduate course ‘Materials of Music History, 1500–1900’. He has presented papers at the Biennial Conference on Nineteenth-Century Music, the Biennial Conference on Music in Nineteenth-Century Britain, and at University of Southampton’s ‘Other Voices Study Day’. Roger holds a Post-Graduate Certificate in music education, and gained distinction for his MMus in Musicology, including the analytical project ‘Narrative Structure in Chopin’s Ballades: Large-scale Romantic Works and the “Problem” of Sonata Form’. His doctoral research attracted funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council and led to the 2017 monograph Figures of the Imagination: Fiction and Song in Britain, 1790–1850 (Taylor & Francis).


Johanna is a PhD student at Royal Holloway, University of London (previously King's College London, the University of Oxford and the Guildhall School of Music and Drama) and has research interests in the Victorian novel, the fin de siècle, music and performance, fuel and extraction discourses, and gender, particularly female labour and its expressions in nineteenth-century fiction. She has co-authored several textbooks on poetry and Shakespeare aimed at GCSE and A Level students through Peripeteia Press. 


Pauline is a second-year PhD candidate at Université Paris Cité (France). She holds a MA in Romantic and Victorian Literary Studies from Durham University. Her current doctoral research focuses on the poetry of Percy Bysshe Shelley, with a particular emphasis on the notions of event, efficacy, and potentiality. More broadly, she is interested in literary theory and politics, but also in British Romanticism and France. She has published articles in Postgraduate English and Romanticism on the Net



Will Kitchen was Teaching Fellow in Film Studies at the University of Southampton (2021-22). He is the author of Romanticism and Film: Franz Liszt and Audio-Visual Explanation (Bloomsbury Academic, 2020) and the forthcoming Negation and Freedom: Film, Capitalism, and Romantic Critique (Bloomsbury Academic, 2023). Will is currently researching for his third and fourth monographs: Cultural Transcendence: The Philosophy of Morse Peckham (with David Dennen) and Capital and Carnival: The Cultural Representation of Work. His research interests include Romanticism in audio-visual media and philosophy, as well as the representation of genius, leadership, and labour.


PhD English Studies, University of Exeter and University of Reading

Beth Mills is a Third-Year SWW-DTP-funded doctoral candidate, whose project examines the interplay between science and fiction in the work of the late-Victorian writer, Grant Allen. She analyses representations of scientific identity, evidence, and knowledge in Allen’s short stories, detective fiction, and scientific writings. Beth has a strong interest in Digital Humanities, having worked on the ‘Hardy and Heritage’ digitisation project, a collaboration between the University of Exeter and the Dorset County Museum, and as a Research and Editorial Assistant for the online platforms for peer-reviewed nineteenth-century scholarship, BRANCH and COVE.



Economic History, London School of Economics

Nikita completed her Master’s in Economic History from the London School of Economics, where she wrote her thesis on the composition of the female labour force during the First World War. Her other areas of interest span early modern warfare, the maritime history of the long eighteenth century, and the representation of economic and political ideas in literature from the Regency and Victorian eras.


Michelle Reynolds is a PhD student at the University of Exeter. Her thesis looks at the relationship between the New Woman’s emergence and the professionalism of women illustrators at the British fin de siècle as well as the New Woman’s visual representation and how women illustrators contributed to this representation. She completed an MA in Art History and Museum Curating with Photography at the University of Sussex, an MA in Photography at the University of Plymouth, and a BFA in Visual Art at The University of Kansas. She is currently a Postgraduate Representative for the University of Exeter’s Centre for Victorian Studies.


Fraser Riddell is Assistant Professor in English and Medical Humanities in the Department of English Studies, Durham University. His research focusses on gender, sexuality and the body in Victorian and early twentieth-century literature. His monograph Music and the Queer Body in English Literature at the Fin de Siècle was published by Cambridge University Press in April 2022. Other recent work includes a chapter on Vernon Lee, Mary Robinson and queer pastoral soundscapes in The Victorian Idyll (Routledge, forthcoming) and a translation of Lee’s essay on ‘Aristocratic Pastorals’ (Fanfulla della domenica, 1885) in Studies in Walter Pater and Aestheticism. He is currently working on a project on touch and tactility in Victorian literature, which draws upon theories of neurodiversity to investigate the descriptive styles of sensory perception.


Ellen Smith is an AHRC Midlands4Cities DTP-funded history PhD researcher under the supervision of Professor Clare Anderson at the University of Leicester and Dr Kate Smith at the University of Birmingham. Her thesis is titled ‘Communication, Intimacy and Creativity: Reconstructing Family Life in Colonial South Asia through Letter Forms, 1857-1929’. Her work explores the social and cultural history of the British Empire, particularly the connections made between Britain and India through familial correspondence over the long nineteenth century. 


Claudia Sterbini is a PhD student at Edinburgh University. Her project, funded by AHRC through SGSAH, explores the construction of pathological asexuality in Victorian fiction. Alongside her role with RRR, she is on the referee panel of the publication The Wellsian. She has presented widely on the gothic, asexuality and the medical humanities.


Sophie Thompson is a CHASE funded PhD researcher at the University of Kent. Her thesis examines the representation of childhood in British socialist literature of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century and how this intersects with emerging social and scientific concerns about the environment. Sophie’s research interests include the culture and aesthetics of the fin-de-siècle, literary representations of place and environment, Victorian eco-criticism and children’s literature of the nineteenth and early twentieth century.


Clare Walker Gore is a Lecturer in English Literature at the Open University, having previously held a Junior Research Fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge. Her doctoral work was on disability and Victorian fiction, and her first book, Plotting Disability in the Nineteenth-Century Novel, was published by Edinburgh University Press in 2019. She has co-edited a collection of essays on the work of Charlotte M. Yonge (forthcoming from Palgrave Macmillan, 2023), and is currently pursuing a project on Victorian women novelists' life writing.