Romance, Revolution and Reform is an interdisciplinary PGR-led  journal on the 19th Century, run in association with the Southampton Centre for Nineteenth-Century Research.

The Journal is committed to helping new researchers publish their work in addition to acting as a forum for the discussion of new ideas in the field of Nineteenth-Century Studies.

ISSN 2517-7850


Editor in Chief: Katie Holdway

Deputy Editor: Emma Hills

University of Southampton, UK

SO17 1BJ

Email: RRR@soton.ac.uk

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All work published under CC-BY-NC 4.0 rules. Our authors retain all copyright to their intellectual property. For rules on re-publication of work in RRR, see our policies


Scroll down for more information about the Journal's editorial team and vision. 

For more detailed information about how we operate, you can see our policies by clicking the relevant tab on the menu above.



RRR is committed to the publication (free of charge) of well informed research into the Long Nineteenth Century.


We are particularly keen to support early career researchers and post-graduates.


RRR publishes 3 editions every 24 months.


Visit our HOME page for information about forthcoming editions, and use the menu above to view articles from previous issues.


RRR works with the Southampton Centre for Nineteenth Century Research. Click here for more information.

To sign up for updates about RRR, email the editors at RRR@soton.ac.uk


RRR is an online interdisciplinary research journal that works alongside the SCNR with the shared aim of facilitating  discussion in all aspects of the long Nineteenth Century.

We are proud to adopt a forward-thinking approach in all aspects of our work. We have an instantaneous, fully open access policy, which means that as soon as an issue of RRR is published, it will immediately be free for all to read.

Our commitment to assisting Post-Graduates and Early Career Researchers  makes us truly innovative. RRR is committed to assisting and supporting our authors in reworking their articles, by offering detailed advice and an open and sympathetic atmosphere within which inexperienced scholars can develop their work, and ask even the most basic of questions in order to help them hone their research into a highly respectable article.

That aim of assisting PGRs in gaining the experience that they need is most obvious in our board structure, as the most senior positions on the editorial board can only be held by PGRs.

Yet a PGR leadership team in no way suggests that we adopt a laxer approach to academic integrity. All articles published in RRR are subjected to a rigorous double-blind review, and our editorial team consists of both PGRs and established academics from across the humanities, who work alongside us to ensure that every article published is of the highest standard. We also guarantee that our double-blind reviewers will only ever be established academics, with a strong reputation in the field of your research.

Equally, we are by no means a ‘PGR only’, and aim to publish articles from all researchers, both emerging and established. We exist to facilitate discussion across the humanities about the long nineteenth century, and any articles which contribute to that vision are welcome. Nor do we solely publish scholarly articles. We are very keen to receive reviews of books, museum exhibitions, and productions, or reports on conference proceedings.



PhD History Researcher

University of Southampton

Zack's research interests include British military history, and the Napoleonic era. He is writing his 

thesis on crime and punishment in the British Army between 1808 and 1818. Zack has also written on 19th Century caricatures and army social dynamics. He is  Post-graduate liaison for the British Commission for Military History, and runs the website www.thenapoloeonicwars.net



PhD English Researcher

University of Southampton

Katie specialises in the literature of the long nineteenth century. Her PhD project, funded by the Wolfson 

foundation, aims to reappraise the first adaptations and appropriations of Charles Dickens's early works. Her research interests include piracy, print culture and nineteenth-century politics. Her MA project investigated the role of dramatic modalities in Gissing’s 1880s novels.



PhD English Candidate

University of Southampton

Yuejie Liu is currently an English PhD candidate at University of Southampton. She received her Bachelor degree in English from Xiamen University, China, in 2015. 

Her PhD project explores the conception of nature in the novels of Thomas Hardy and Shen Congwen, trying to illuminate the conception through Taoism within a comparative study of the two writers. She has presented papers on 2017 Hardy Study Day held by Thomas Hardy Society and 2018 British Association for Victorian Studies annual conference. She works as editor for Humanities Postgraduate Research Journal, Emergence, at University of Southampton from March 2018.




Chair of English and Book History

University of Southampton

Mary Hammond is Professor of English and Book History at the University of Southampton, and founding Director of the interdisciplinary Southampton Centre for Nineteenth-Century Research. She is the author of many articles, chapters and 

co-edited essay collections on the literature and print culture of the long nineteenth century, including, with Shafquat Towheed, Publishing in the First World War: Essays in Book History (Palgrave, 2007), with Robert Fraser, Books Without Borders, 2 Volumes (Palgrave, 2008), with Jonathan Rose, The Edinburgh History of Reading, 2 volumes (University of Edinburgh Press, 2019), and the monographs Reading, Publishing and the Formation of Literary Taste in England, 1880-1914 (Ashgate, 2006), and Charles Dickens’s Great Expectations: A Cultural Life, 1860-2012 (Ashgate/Routledge, 2015).



PhD English Candidate

University of Salford


Emma Barnes is a PhD student in Victorian Literature at the University of Salford. Research interests include representations of animals and environments in Victorian, colonial and postcolonial literatures, and the global concerns within children’s literature. Emma is the PG Representative for the Northern Postcolonial Network, an academic network which aims to support knowledge exchange and networking amongst researchers within Postcolonial studies. https://northernpostcolonialnetwork.com/

 and Napoleonic wars. Her publications explore the ways in which emotional experiences and injuries were formulated in this period, prior to the emergence of the disciplines and terminologies of modern psychology and psychiatry.  Previously she worked on the culture of sensibility in the eighteenth century. She is the author of the monograph Sympathy, Sensibility and the Literature of Feeling in the Eighteenth Century (Palgrave) and publishes articles on eighteenth-century and Romantic literature.


Senior Lecturer in English Literature

University of Huddersfield.


Ildiko's current research on explores the representation of emotions in the literature of the French Revolutionary 


Lecturer in French Studies

University of Southampton


Aude's current research interests include the relation between science and literature, and the representation of ‘the monstrous family' in Francophone literature. She am finishing a book based on my PhD, Fleurs monstrueuses: histoire d'une métamorphose, Littérature, femmes et botanique, describing the links between visual and textual representations of flowers, and the monstrous representation of women during the late nineteenth century. At the same time, I am working on the contemporary Lebanese-born Canadian playwright, painter and director Wajdi Mouawad  and how he explores the family as a metaphor and origin of the Lebanese civil war.


Teaching Fellow in Digital Media Practices

University of Southampton


Megen's research interests include neo-Victorianism, popular feminism, adaptation, and contemporary remix culture, and she has published widely in these areas. She is currently completing a monograph on historical monster mashup. Her forthcoming projects focus on women’s histories of remix and collage, and on erasure and identity politics in multimedia franchises.


PhD English Candidate

University of Southampton

Stephen Edwards is a PhD research candidate at Southampton University. He is studying Mary Ward and Marie Corelli’s idealistic late Victorian/Edwardian fiction, and in particular their use of the concept of sympathy. With this they sought to 

form a mutually empowering bond with their readers and to stimulate ethical and political debate in a way that strove for greater democratic inclusiveness, social reform and political/educational change. The working title of his thesis is: ‘Readers and the Romance of Faith: Mary Ward and Marie Corelli in the Literary Marketplace’. Published work includes articles on Conrad and Kathryn Mansfield. 


Senior Lecturer

Liverpool Hope University


The primary focus of Trish's research is on Victorian literature and culture. She has a monograph entitled Thomas Hardy's Legal Fictions (Edinburgh University Press, 2013) and an 

edited collection of essays entitled Victorian Time: Technologies, Standardizations, Catastrophes (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013) and is co-editor of a collection of essays on neglected Victorian writers, Victorian Fiction beyond the Canon (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016). She recently completed a monograph on Maud Gonne (forthcoming with UCD Press in 2019) and is currently editing a companion volume to Victorian Time, entitled Literature and Modern Time: Technological Modernity, Glimpses of Eternity, Experiments with Time (forthcoming with Palgrave Macmillan in 2019). 


Doctoral Graduate

University of Southampton


Roger’s research interests revolve around nineteenth-century romanticism, particularly keyboard and vocal music in Victorian Britain and their literary contexts. At University of Southampton, Roger was a 

teaching assistant for the undergraduate course ‘Materials of Music History, 1500–1900’. He has presented papers at the Biennial Conference on Nineteenth-Century Music, the Biennial Conference on Music in Nineteenth-Century Britain, and at University of Southampton’s ‘Other Voices Study Day’. Roger holds a Post-Graduate Certificate in music education, and gained distinction for his MMus in Musicology, including the analytical project ‘Narrative Structure in Chopin’s Ballades: Large-scale Romantic Works and the “Problem” of Sonata Form’. His doctoral research attracted funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council and led to the 2017 monograph Figures of the Imagination: Fiction and Song in Britain, 1790–1850 (Taylor & Francis)


Senior Lecturer in Population Studies

University of Southampton


Andrew Hinde is Senior Lecturer in Population Studies at the University of Southampton, having worked previously at the Universities of Oxford and London. 

He has published more than 20 articles on the social, economic and demographic history of nineteenth-century England.  He recently edited (jointly with Samantha A. Shave) a special issue of Local Population Studies entitled The New Poor Law: Regional and Local Perspectives. His current research interests include the sanitary revolution and mortality decline in late-Victorian England.


Professor of English

University of Greenwich



Professor of Music

University of Southampton


Francesco currently serves as Head of Department.  His research concentrates on nineteenth-century opera, focussing in particular on questions of genre, 

politics and censorship, performance practice, and textual criticism.  He is General Editor of the critical edition The Works of Giuseppe Verdi (University of Chicago Press and Casa Ricordi) and directs the Scientific Committee of the Festival Verdi in Parma


PHD Researcher in Film Studies

University of Southampton


Will Kitchen is the recipient of the 2015 Vice-chancellor’s Award (Film Studies). His research interests include film music, film theory, representation, Romanticism, schema theory, aesthetics and twentieth century philosophy. He is working on a PhD 

thesis entitled ‘Franz Liszt and the Cinema’, and articles on Jacques Rancière and Morse Peckham.


Associate Professor of Colonial and Postcolonial History

University of Southampton


His research interests focus on the intellectual and socio-political connections between Britain in the modern era, particularly between Britain and Africa.