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RRR is committed to the publication (free of charge) of well-informed research into the long-nineteenth century.


We are particularly keen to support early career researchers and postgraduates.


RRR publishes annually.


Visit our Homepage for information about forthcoming editions, and use the menu above to view articles from previous issues.


RRR works with the Southampton Centre for Nineteenth Century Research. Click here for more information.

To sign up for updates about RRR, email the editors at RRR@soton.ac.uk


RRR is an online interdisciplinary research journal that works alongside the Southampton Centre for Nineteenth Century Research (SCNR) with the shared aim of facilitating  discussion about all aspects of the long-nineteenth century.

We are proud to adopt a forward-thinking approach in all aspects of our work. We have an instantaneous, fully open access policy, which means that as soon as an issue of RRR is published, it will immediately be free for all to read.

Our commitment to assisting Postgraduates and Early Career Researchers makes us truly innovative, and we are committed to assisting and supporting our authors in reworking their articles. We offer detailed advice and an open and sympathetic atmosphere within which inexperienced scholars can develop their work, and ask even the most basic of questions in order to help them hone their research into a highly respectable article.

That aim of assisting PGRs in gaining the experience that they need is most obvious in our board structure, as the most senior positions on the editorial board can only be held by PGRs.

Yet a PGR leadership team in no way suggests that we adopt a laxer approach to academic integrity. All articles published in RRR are subjected to a rigorous double-blind review, and our editorial team consists of both PGRs and established academics from across the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, who work alongside us to ensure that every article published is of the highest standard. We also guarantee that our double-blind reviewers will only ever be established academics, with a strong reputation in the field of your research.

Equally, we are by no means a ‘PGR only’ journal, and have published research by both emerging and established scholars: from MA Students to Emeritus Professors. We exist to facilitate discussion across the Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences about the long-nineteenth century, and any articles which contribute to that vision are welcome. Nor do we solely publish articles. We are very keen to receive reviews of books, museum exhibitions, and productions, or reports on conference proceedings.



Co-founder, Editor-in-Chief 2017-2020

PhD History Researcher, University of Southampton

Zack's research interests include British military history, and the Napoleonic era. He is writing his thesis on crime and punishment in the British Army between 1808 and 1818. Zack has also written on 19th Century caricatures and army social dynamics. He is Post-graduate liaison for the British Commission for Military History, and runs the website www.thenapoloeonicwars.net


Co-founder, Deputy Editor 2017-2020, Editor-in-Chief 2020-2021

PhD Researcher in English Literature, University of Southampton

Katie Holdway is a PhD researcher in the Department of English at the University of Southampton. Her project, funded by the Wolfson Foundation, is entitled ‘Pickwick in the Papers: Dickens and the Politics of Appropriation in the Newspaper Press, 1836-1870’. Katie also researches George Gissing’s 1880s novels and late-eighteenth century radical poetry. Her article on the British Della Cruscan coterie was published in Romanticism in November 2020. She is co-founder of Romance, Revolution & Reform and a member of the Dickens Society Communications Committee.


Teaching Fellow in Digital Media Practices, University of Southampton

Megen's research interests include neo-Victorianism, popular feminism, adaptation, and contemporary remix culture, and she has published widely in these areas. She is currently completing a monograph on historical monster mashup. Her forthcoming projects focus on women’s histories of remix and collage, and on erasure and identity politics in multimedia franchises.



Lecturer in French Studies, University of Southampton

Aude's current research interests include the relation between science and literature, and the representation of ‘the monstrous family' in Francophone literature. She is finishing a book based on her PhD, Fleurs monstrueuses: histoire d'une métamorphose, Littérature, femmes et botanique, describing the links between visual and textual representations of flowers, and the monstrous representation of women during the late nineteenth century. At the same time, she is working on the contemporary Lebanese-born Canadian playwright, painter and director Wajdi Mouawad and how he explores the family as a metaphor and origin of the Lebanese civil war.


Senior Lecturer in English Literature.

Ildiko's current research explores the representation of emotions in the literature of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. Her publications explore the ways in which emotional experiences and injuries were formulated in this period, prior to the emergence of the disciplines and terminologies of modern psychology and psychiatry.  Previously she worked on the culture of sensibility in the eighteenth century. She is the author of the monograph Sympathy, Sensibility and the Literature of Feeling in the Eighteenth Century (Palgrave) and publishes articles on eighteenth-century and Romantic literature.


PhD English Candidate, Loughborough University.

Aaron Eames is a doctoral research student at Loughborough University. His thesis, supervised by Dr Nick Freeman and Dr Sarah Parker, investigates the development of ideas concerning Wilde’s sexual identity in biographical literature. He received a BA in Classical Civilisation and Philosophy from the University of Nottingham in 2013, an MSt in Creative Writing from the University of Cambridge in 2015, and an MA in Victorian Studies from the University of Leicester in 2018. Aaron is a committee member of the Oscar Wilde Society, UK, and the editor of the society’s regular e-newsletter Oscariana.



PhD English Candidate, University of Southampton

Stephen Edwards is a PhD research candidate at Southampton University. He is studying Mary Ward and Marie Corelli’s idealistic late Victorian/Edwardian fiction, and in particular their use of the concept of sympathy. With this they sought to form a mutually empowering bond with their readers and to stimulate ethical and political debate in a way that strove for greater democratic inclusiveness, social reform and political/educational change. The working title of his thesis is: ‘Readers and the Romance of Faith: Mary Ward and Marie Corelli in the Literary Marketplace’. Published work includes articles on Conrad and Kathryn Mansfield.



Senior Lecturer, Liverpool Hope University

The primary focus of Trish's research is on Victorian literature and culture. She has a monograph entitled Thomas Hardy's Legal Fictions (Edinburgh University Press, 2013) and an edited collection of essays entitled Victorian Time: Technologies, Standardizations, Catastrophes (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013) and is co-editor of a collection of essays on neglected Victorian writers, Victorian Fiction beyond the Canon (Palgrave Macmillan, 2016). She recently completed a monograph on Maud Gonne (forthcoming with UCD Press in 2019) and is currently editing a companion volume to Victorian Time, entitled Literature and Modern Time: Technological Modernity, Glimpses of Eternity, Experiments with Time (forthcoming with Palgrave Macmillan in 2019).



Doctoral Graduate, University of Southampton

Roger’s research interests revolve around nineteenth-century romanticism, particularly keyboard and vocal music in Victorian Britain and their literary contexts. At University of Southampton, Roger was a teaching assistant for the undergraduate course ‘Materials of Music History, 1500–1900’. He has presented papers at the Biennial Conference on Nineteenth-Century Music, the Biennial Conference on Music in Nineteenth-Century Britain, and at University of Southampton’s ‘Other Voices Study Day’. Roger holds a Post-Graduate Certificate in music education, and gained distinction for his MMus in Musicology, including the analytical project ‘Narrative Structure in Chopin’s Ballades: Large-scale Romantic Works and the “Problem” of Sonata Form’. His doctoral research attracted funding from the Arts and Humanities Research Council and led to the 2017 monograph Figures of the Imagination: Fiction and Song in Britain, 1790–1850 (Taylor & Francis).



Professor of Music, University of Southampton

Francesco currently serves as Head of Department.  His research concentrates on nineteenth-century opera, focussing in particular on questions of genre, politics and censorship, performance practice, and textual criticism.  He is General Editor of the critical edition The Works of Giuseppe Verdi (University of Chicago Press and Casa Ricordi) and directs the Scientific Committee of the Festival Verdi in Parma



Postdoctoral Researcher in Film Studies, University of Southampton

Will Kitchen’s primary research interest is the contemporary relevance of Romanticism, and its relationships with modern philosophy, aesthetics, culture and politics. He is the author of an upcoming monograph entitled Romanticism and Film: Franz Liszt and Audio-Visual Explanation (Bloomsbury, 2020), and is currently organising an edited collection entitled Romanticism Today: Aesthetics, Politics, Philosophy. He has also written about Jacques Rancière, Arthur Penn, Morse Peckham, Victor Klemperer, Lindsay Anderson, and Alain Badiou.


PhD English Researcher, University of Cambridge

Olivia will be starting her PhD in English at Trinity College, Cambridge in October (previously MSt Oxon, BA Southampton). Olivia’s research interests span the long nineteenth century and include sexuality, violence, the emotions, science and literature, and periodical culture. Her PhD thesis, provisionally entitled '"Violent Emotion" in the Nineteenth-Century Realist Novel, c. 1850-1900’, sets out to deconstruct and situate this abstract concept within a larger emerging discourse of Victorian medical writing on the emotions.



PhD Researcher in Music, University of Southampton



PhD English Studies, University of Exeter and University of Reading

Beth Mills is a Third-Year SWW-DTP-funded doctoral candidate, whose project examines the interplay between science and fiction in the work of the late-Victorian writer, Grant Allen. She analyses representations of scientific identity, evidence, and knowledge in Allen’s short stories, detective fiction, and scientific writings. Beth has a strong interest in Digital Humanities, having worked on the ‘Hardy and Heritage’ digitisation project, a collaboration between the University of Exeter and the Dorset County Museum, and as a Research and Editorial Assistant for the online platforms for peer-reviewed nineteenth-century scholarship, BRANCH and COVE.



Economic History, London School of Economics

Nikita completed her Master’s in Economic History from the London School of Economics, where she wrote her thesis on the composition of the female labour force during the First World War. Her other areas of interest span early modern warfare, the maritime history of the long eighteenth century, and the representation of economic and political ideas in literature from the Regency and Victorian eras.



PhD Researcher in Music and Modern Languages, University of Southampton



Associate Professor of Colonial and Postcolonial History, University of Southampton

Chris’s research interests focus on the intellectual and socio-political connections in the modern era, particularly between Britain and Africa.


PhD English Researcher, Leeds Beckett University

Fern’s PhD thesis traces the development of C19 silver fork and sensation fiction as a nethercanon of women’s writing, assessing the socio-historical circumstances of the works of once popular novelists. Elsewhere, she examines how the Golden Age fiction of Agatha Christie and the country house mystery developed from sensation fiction. She has given various conference papers on these subjects. Most recently, Fern co-hosted the inaugural Criminal Heritage: Crime, Fiction, and History conference with Dr. J. C. Bernthal, and alongside Prof. Ruth Robbins, they are working on an edited collection. She sits as the PGR representative on one of LBU’s academic committees.